History for Everyone 2/2014

 Author:

Dušan KOS

 

Neja BLAJ HRIBAR

 

Jure GAŠPARIČ

Miran APLINC

Matej OCVIRK

Article:

The owners of Planina castle and their attitude towards the Jurklošter Carthusian monastery before the 14th Century

“Separation of the Bishop-priest from the Bishop-politician Was not an Invention of This Infernal Slovenian Liberalism.”

Hit Him!

Aviation Regards from Šoštanj

Mayor ’s conflicts , troubles and joys

Image41 

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Dušan KOS
The owners of Planina castle and their attitude towards the Jurklošter
Carthusian monastery before the 14th Century

The article deals with the owners of Planina castle and their attitude towards the neighboring Carthusian monastery. The first known owner and supposed builder of Planina was Orttolf, vassal of the Krško diocese, who was first mentioned in 1190. The seigniors of Planina were among the more important benefactors of the Jurklošter monastery. After Ulrik’s death in 1241, Planina came into the hands of the Svibno seigniors. However, monastic rules most likely prevented the Planina and Svibno seigniors from being buried in the Jurklošter monastery until the 14th century. The only possible exception was Oto, whom the general chapter of the Carthusian monastery included in their prayers around 1312. The last representatives of the family, Ulrik III and Henrik II, were no longer among the benefactors of the monastery because they had to pawn their estate to Friderik I of Celje on account of financial problems. After Henrik’s death in 1363 and up until 1456, the bishops of Krško enfeoffed Planina to the Counts of Celje, the largest benefactors of the monastery.

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Neja BLAJ HRIBAR
“Separation of the Bishop-priest from the Bishop-politician Was not an Invention of This Infernal Slovenian Liberalism.”
The clergy and Roman Catholic Church in Journalistic and Literary Pieces of Slovenski narod (1890-1914)

The article describes how the liberals aimed at presenting the Roman Catholic Church and the clergy in the Slovenski narod newspaper after the political separation. It focuses primarily
on the influence of the Church on politics, the role of bishops in the party and the literary depiction of the functioning and personal traits of clergymen. These were mostly corrupt and greedy; they ignored celibacy or were even rapists. Politics scandalized the clergy, and they scandalized the
people, who no longer saw them as figures of authority.

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Jure GAŠPARIČ
Hit Him!
Violence in the Belgrade Parliament between the World Wars

Interventions by the Speaker, calls for order, warnings to the deputies, interrupted speeches, expulsions and interrupted meetings etc. All of these were the kinds of procedural events that frequently characterized parliamentary debates and in general the functioning of the National Assembly of the first Yugoslav state. Regardless of their gravity, polemical nature and argumentation, speeches by the Members of Parliament were too often disrespectful and so were responses to them. Political passion, an essential ingredient of every good political system, grew beyond the limits of decency. Namecalling with “non-parliamentary expressions”, noise and general rows frequently escalated into real brawls and other physical encounters. Turbulent meetings even suggest that occasional brawls were something normal, a phenomenon that was part of the general image of Yugoslav parliamentarianism. The elected national deputies, who comprised former senior officials, functionaries, lawyers and farmers, professors, clergymen and veterinarians, occasionally had to underline their arguments in a direct and personalized way.

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Miran APLINC
Aviation Regards from Šoštanj

Aviation in Šoštanj before the Second World War The beginnings of aviation in the valley of Šaleška dolina go back to the 1930s, which is comparable to similar initiatives in Celje, Slovenj Gradec, Maribor and elsewhere. The article presents the first contacts with aviation, the process of establishing and the actual establishment (1939/40) of the local Gliding-aviation section of the Šoštanj Flying Club, a branch of the Royal Yugoslav Flying Club Naša krila from Maribor. It builds on private archival materials, the archives of the Šaleška dolina flying club and on personal accounts, and describes the process of building the Zögling 1 sailplane from the initial concept, independent construction and a realization of the desire to fly. Ambitious plans of young flyers were partly limited by lack of funding and even more by opposition from the local authorities in Slovenj Gradec, who in 1940 first prohibited and later finally permitted the activities of the flying group. Organized activities of the Šoštanj Flying Club were finally prohibited after the occupation in 1941.

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Matej OCVIRK
Mayor ’s conflicts , troubles and joys
The Mayors of Teharje, Municipal Elections and Their Functioning from 1849 till the Disintegration of Austria-Hungary

The Teharje noble municipality was one of the last remains of the Old-Slovenian lower administrative regulation with special freedoms and lower taxes. It enjoyed the status of an old noble municipality (Das Edelthum Tüchern) that survived throughout the Middle Ages till the mid-19th century. For the Teharje people, it marked the end of feudalism and the administrative reforms of Austrian rulers, including the area of municipalities, the end of “nobility”, special rights and other tax privileges. Teharje became an ordinary rural municipality in Styria. Industrialization and the first factories, in particular the Štore steelworks, marked the beginning of a new chapter in the history of the Teharje municipality. After 1875, a political struggle erupted, in particular at municipal elections and involving the choice between the pro-Slovenian and pro-German political camps. The struggle also divided the Steelworks management and had an impact on a large part of the Teharje population, both farmers and workers. The two sides took turns in running the city administration. The main topics that characterized the functioning of mayors and election campaigns included their disputable decisions in the field of public transport and other municipal infrastructure.

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